The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) was introduced in 1995. The Act was brought into force in 2000 and covers all areas of employment, education, access to services and goods, and other areas of life. It also covers private sector and voluntary organisations that employ or contract with disabled people.
The DDA is a piece of legislation which provides protection against discrimination on the grounds of disability in any of the above areas. The Act defines disability as a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long term adverse effect on the person’s ability to carry out normal day to day activities. The Act also covers the following:
- * Employment
- * Education
- * Access to services and goods
- * Other areas of life
The DDA also states that it is unlawful for employers to discriminate against disabled employees. The employer must have reasonable adjustments made to ensure that disabled employees can perform their duties.
It is important to note that the DDA does not cover disability benefits such as the State Pension, Job Seekers Allowance or State Disability Benefits. However, these benefits are covered by the Equality Act 2010.
The Act applies to both public and private sectors. The DDA protects disabled employees from being discriminated against in terms of employment, training and development, recruitment, promotion, transfer, dismissal, conditions of service and retirement.
If you are disabled and are looking for a job, it is recommended that you speak to your local Job Centre Plus. They will be able to advise you on whether or not you are eligible for a disability benefit and if so, what sort of benefit you may be entitled to. If you are unsure, you should contact your local Citizens Advice Bureau.
The DDA also provides protection against discrimination against disabled people in relation to access to services and goods. This includes:
- * Access to buildings
- * Access to public transport
- * Access to entertainment
- * Access to public places
- * Access to goods and services
- * Access to financial products
For example, disabled people may not be able to use a lift in a building due to the lack of space. The DDA provides that this is unlawful.
The DDA requires employers to make reasonable adjustments for disabled employees. These adjustments may include making alterations to premises, equipment, policies and procedures, working practices, and communication methods.
For example, an employer may need to alter the way in which they provide training for disabled employees. An employer may need to make adjustments to their recruitment process so that disabled applicants can apply.
Employers should make reasonable adjustments to enable disabled employees to do their job. For example, an employer may need special software to allow a disabled employee to complete tasks.
If you feel that your employer is not providing reasonable adjustments, you should contact your local Citizen’s Advice Bureau or your local MP.